What is an ecosystem?
A group of plants and animals interacting with one other in a specific area, as well as their non-living environments, is referred to as an ecosystem in biology. Weather, earth, sun, soil, climate, and atmosphere are examples of non-living environments.
The ecosystem refers to the manner that all of these various organisms coexist in close quarters and interact with one another. In an environment including both rabbits and foxes, for example, these two organisms have a connection in which the fox eats the rabbit in order to exist. This interaction has repercussions for other animals and plants that reside in the same or nearby locations. For example, as foxes consume more rabbits, the plants may begin to thrive since there are fewer rabbits to eat them.
ways in which bio-plantation and organic agriculture helps in keeping a health ecosystem
At all levels, organic farmers are both stewards and users of biodiversity. Traditional and adapted seeds and breeds are favoured at the gene level because they are more disease resistant and resilient to climatic stress. Diverse combinations of plants and animals maximize nutrient and energy cycles for agricultural production at the species level. The preservation of natural regions inside and around organic fields, as well as the absence of chemical inputs, create adequate habitats for animals at the ecosystem level.
The utilization of under-utilized species (typically as rotation crops to improve soil fertility) decreases agro-biodiversity erosion, resulting in a healthier gene pool – the foundation for future adaptation.
The absence of pesticides and the supply of food and shelter attract new or recolonizing species to the organic region (both permanent and migratory), including wild flora and fauna (e.g. birds) and organisms helpful to the organic system such as pollinators and insect predators. In recent years, the number of studies on organic farming and biodiversity has risen dramatically. Organic farming provides greater biodiversity than other agricultural systems, according to a recent study based on a meta-analysis of 766 scientific papers.