10 Steps For Preparing Vermicompost

Preparing Vermicompost

The method of creating vermicompost includes:

1.To create a successful vermicomposting system, choose a location with extreme weather protection, reliable organic waste sources, and a consistent water supply. Ensure the site has a suitable temperature range and pH level for earthworms. Collect and pile manure on the soil in heaps to create a nutrient-rich environment for worms to thrive.

2. At a designated location, gather and collect stock piles of manure that are on top of the soil.

3.The process involves drying the manure and screening the feedstock to remove unwanted materials like weed seeds, stones, thorns, and wire peace.

4.Chop or grind the materials into small pieces to make them easier to handle during preparation. After that, stockpile the chopped materials to allow for pre-decomposition before exposing them to the earthworms.

5.Prepare soil windows by constructing 1.2-1.5 meters wide by 0.3 meters high structures. Build brick and mortar beds with drainage holes, moisten the soil surface, and layer bedding materials such as wood chips, dry leaves, grass, neem leaves, and manure up to 0.3 meters high. This process enhances air circulation, prevents compaction, and ensures proper soil preparation and drainage.

6.Mist the materials with water after each layer to encourage the start of microorganisms’ breakdown. If the materials are very dry, soak them in 100 or 200 liters of water before applying to the window or vermin beds. This method not only facilitates moisture absorption by the materials but also prevents the piles from decaying. Throughout the process, continue to add ingredients in the middle of the heap following the bedding.

7.Next, insert earthworms 5–10 cm below the bed’s surface in the window or vermin bed. Avoid using plastic; instead, cover the vermin bed with gunny sacks or other materials that obscure sunlight and provide cooling effects, such as reeds, grass straws, and broadleaved leaves.

8. To ensure the proper maturation of vermicompost, it is crucial to maintain a consistent watering schedule. Water the vermin beds at least twice or thrice a week, and turn them as needed, once or twice a month.

9.It takes three to five months to create vermicompost. This is dependent upon how big the space is and how many worms were initially added to the vermin bed.

10.Stop watering before harvesting to allow the top layer of vermicompost to dry. After harvesting the vermicompost, screen out any worms and decomposing materials. Allow the finished product to dry for a few days, then weigh and pack it into 50 kg bags.

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